Racial and ethnic demographics of workers in the four automaking ‘regions’

Upper Midwest South California Other
White, non-Hispanic 76.9% 56.4% 37.6% 66.5%
Black, non-Hispanic 10.5% 18.9% 5.9% 10.4%
Hispanic 7.9% 19.5% 37.8% 14.4%
Asian American Pacific Islander (AAPI) 3.9% 4.5% 17.8% 7.1%
Other 0.8% 0.8% 0.8% 1.6%

Notes: Data are for workers ages 16 and older. Upper Midwest states are Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. Southern states are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. “Other” are all other states (those not in the Upper Midwest, South, or California region), including the District of Columbia.

Source: EPI analysis of BLS Current Population Survey (CPS) Outgoing Rotation Group (ORG) 2016–2020 pooled data (EPI 2021).

View the underlying data on epi.org.