Mandatory arbitration in U.S. workplaces, by employee education level

Typical employee education level Mandatory arbitration
Some high school 52.0%
High school 53.1%
Some college 51.2%
College degree 58.9%

* p < 0.10; ** p < 0.05

Notes: Percentages indicate the share of workplaces that have mandatory arbitration policies by typical education level of employees at those workplaces. The symbols * and ** indicate that the adoption of mandatory arbitration is significantly different from the other categories in the table combined at the 0.10 level and 0.05 level, respectively.

Source: Author’s original survey data (see the methodological appendix)

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