Twenty states have proposed measures to address weak and outdated child labor laws in 2024 alone : Map of state legislation strengthening child labor protections, 2021–2024

State Bill status Bill status indicator Workers’ rights education Workers’ rights education indicator Child performers Child performers indicator Enforcement Enforcement indicator Hazardous work Hazardous work indicator Work hours Work hours indicator Subminimum wage Subminimum wage indicator
Alabama Enacted 5 SB 119 (2024): Increases civil penalty for hazardous work violations and sets minimum penalty — enacted 3
Alaska
Arizona Introduced 2 HB 2564 (2024): Protects child performers, requires parents to set up trust in their name and deposit a share of earnings into it 2
Arkansas Enacted 5 SB 390 (2023): Increases penalties for child labor violations; extends statute of limitations for penalty assessment from 2 to 3 years — enacted 3
California Enacted* 5 AB 800 (2023): Establishes Workplace Readiness Week to educate high school students about their workplace rights — enacted; AB 2961 (2024): Mandates sexual harassment training as a condition to receive a minor work permit — in committee; AB 2961 (2024): Mandates sexual harassment training as a condition to receive a minor work permit — in committee 1 SB 764 (2023): Requires parents to set aside earnings for children featured in monetized social media videos, maintain records related to their earnings, and share them with the minor. Minors not properly compensated can enforce provisions in court — passed Senate 2 AB 1228 (2023): Bill would have established joint liability for fast food franchises but these provisions were amended before passage — enacted 3
Colorado Enacted* 5 HB 1196 (2023): Allows injured victims of illegal child labor to pursue tort claim against employer — enacted; HB 1095 (2024): Increases penalties (and uses them for wage theft enforcement), makes aggrieved children eligible for damages, removes parental criminal liability, makes violations subject to open records requests — enacted 3
Connecticut
Delaware
Washington D.C.
Florida
Georgia Introduced 2 HB 838 (2024): Requires parents to set up a trust for child performers and deposit a share of earnings into it 2
Hawaii Introduced 2 SB 1607 (2023): Requires talent agencies and minors working in theatrical employment to receive training on sexual harassment and nutrition and eating disorders 2
Idaho
Illinois Enacted* 5 HB 4417 (2024): Establishes Workplace Readiness Week to educate high school students about their workplace rights — passed House and Senate 1 SB 1782 (2023): Requires parents to set aside earnings for children featured in monetized social media videos, allows child to take legal action if not properly compensated — enacted; SB 3180 (2024): Establishes maximum hours for child performers based on age — passed Senate and House 2 SB 3646 (2024): Strengthens work permit process,  updates hazardous occupations list, increases civil penalties — passed Senate and House; SB 3464 (2024): Makes immigration-related retaliation (including for reports of child labor law violations) illegal — passed Senate and House 3
Indiana
Iowa Pending 4 SF 2100 (2024): Makes illegally employed minors injured or killed at work eligible for extra worker’s comp, imposes $5000 civil penalty on employer — introduced; HF 2292 (2024): Makes employers strictly liable for injury or death of a minor in their employ — introduced; SF 2390 (2024): Re-establishes youth work permits and increases civil penalties — in committee 3 SF 2390 (2024): Strengthens protections related to hazardous work — in committee 4
Kansas Pending 4 SB 559 (2024): Requires legislative review for rollback bills and requires that the secretary of labor provide a report to assist the legislature’s consideration of such bills — in committee 3
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland Pending 4 HB 160 (2024): Establishes Workplace Readiness Week to educate high school students about their workplace rights — withdrawn 1
Massachusetts
Michigan Pending 4 HB 4932 (2023): Eliminates waiver for night work among 16-17 year-olds; increases criminal penalties; allows victims to sue for damages; adds retaliation protections — in committee; HB 5594 (2024): Updates and strengthens minor work permit process — in committee 3 HB 4932 (2023): Eliminates waiver for night work among 16-17 year-olds — in committee 5
Minnesota Enacted* 5 SF 3496 (2024): Requires parents to set aside earnings for children featured in monetized social media videos. Minors not properly compensated can enforce provisions in court 2 SF 3852 (2024): Makes illegally-employed minors eligible for damages, adds anti-retaliation protections, clarifies that penalties are per violation (not per child), allows labor commissioner to determine penalties using factors like business size and history of violations — enacted 3 HF 4050 (2024): Eliminates provision allowing minors to be paid a subminimum wage — introduced 6
Mississippi
Missouri Pending 4 HB 1998 (2024): Requires parents to set aside earnings for children featured in monetized social media videos, maintain records related to their earnings, and share them with the minor. Minors not properly compensated can enforce provisions in court — in committee 2 HB 1536 (2024): Restricts work hours for 16-17 year-olds — in committee 5
Montana Enacted 5 HB 112 (2023): Establishes criminal penalties for labor trafficking of a minor — enacted 3
Nebraska Enacted* 5 LB 827 (2024): Expanded workplace protections for child performers — in committee 2 LB 906 (2023): Increases penalties for child labor violations and broadens DOL power — enacted 3
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey Mixed 3 S 3717 (2023): Establishes Workplace Readiness Week to educate high school students about their workplace rights — failed 1 S 4067/A 5690 (2023): Eliminates exemptions that allow minors to be paid less than minimum wage, makes minors eligible for overtime — failed; A 2888 (2024): Eliminates exemptions that allow minors to be paid less than minimum wage, makes minors eligible for overtime — introduced 6
New Mexico
New York Mixed 3 A 8108 (2023): Establishes Workplace Readiness Week to educate high school students about their workplace rights — in committee; A 9796 (2024): Requires the department of labor to provide a document on workplace rights to any minor seeking working papers — in committee 1 A 9235 (2022): Establishes new penalties for violations of oppressive agricultural child labor — failed 3 A 9235 (2022): Increases the minimum age for farm work from 12 to 16 years of age — failed 4
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio Pending 4 H 376 (2024): Requires parents to set aside earnings for children featured in monetized social media videos, maintain records related to their earnings, and share them with the minor. Minors not properly compensated can enforce provisions in court — in committee 2
Oklahoma
Oregon Enacted 5 HB 4004 (2024): Increases maximum civil penalty; allows labor commissioner to impose state penalties for child labor violations in addition to penalties imposed by US DOL for the same case — enacted 3
Pennsylvania Pending 4 HB 1354 (2023): Increases criminal penalties for first and repeat violations — passed House; HB 1714 (2023: Increases criminal penalties but requires reporting on violations and enforcement to ICE and HHS — in committee 3
Rhode Island Pending 4 H 7019 (2024): Establishes Workplace Readiness Week to educate high school students about their workplace rights — in committee 1 H 7172 (2024): Eliminates provision allowing some minors to be paid a subminimum wage — in committee 6
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas Enacted 5 HB 2459 (2023): Increases maximum penalty for child labor violations — enacted 3
Utah Enacted* 5 SB 248 (2024): Limits hours for 14-15 year-olds to align with the FLSA. However, the bill does not align with federal law on agriculture work hours during the school day– enacted 4 SB 248 (2024): Aligns permitted occupations for minors 14 and under with federal law — enacted 5 HB 454 (2024): Eliminates a provision permitting a lower minimum wage for minors — failed 6
Vermont
Virginia Enacted* 5 HB 100 (2024): Increases civil penalties for child labor violations; sets minimum penalty — enacted 3 HB 876 (2022): Bans child labor on tobacco farms — failed 4
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Notes: "Enacted*" indicates that a state has enacted a bill, but other bills in that state have failed or are pending legislative action. "Mixed" indicates that a state has multiple bills at different stages of the legislative process, but none have been enacted. Map last updated June 21, 2024.

Source: EPI analysis of state legislative activity and news related to child labor legislation.

View the underlying data on epi.org.