Eight states have enacted child labor rollbacks so far in 2024: Thirty-one states have introduced bills to weaken child labor protections since 2021

State Bill status Bill status indicator Select bill supporters Work permit details Work permit indicator Hours Hours indicator Alcohol Service Alcohol service indicator Hazardous work Hazardous work indicator Subminimum wage Subminimum wage indicator Other Other indicator
Alabama Enacted* 5 SB 53 (2024): Eliminates work permit requirement for 14-15 year-olds — enacted 1 HB 176 (2022): Lowers age to serve alcohol from 21 to 18 — enacted 3
Alaska
Arizona Failed 1 HB 2727 (2021): Establishes a subminimum wage of $8.50 for student employees — failed 5
Arkansas Enacted 5 HB 1410 (2023): Drafted by the Foundation for Government Accountability HB 1410 (2023): Eliminates age verification and parent/guardian permission requirements  1
California
Colorado
Connecticut Introduced 2 SB 410 (2024): Allows 14-15 year-olds to work in certain industries, including manufacturing (in which they are currently prohibited from working) through paid internships, through which they can be paid a temporary subminimum wage — introduced 4 SB 410 (2024): Allows 14-15 year-olds in manufacturing internships to be paid 85% of minimum wage for the first 90 days — introduced 5
Delaware
Washington D.C.
Florida Enacted* 5 HB 49 (2024): Drafted by the Foundation for Government Accountability; SB 460 (2024): Drafted by the Associated Builders and Contractors and Florida Home Builders Association HB 49/SB 1596 (2024): Allows employers to schedule 16-17 year-olds more than 6 days in a row and exempts home- and virtual-school students from child labor laws (provisions to remove curfew and schedule 16-17 year-olds for more than 8 hours per day and 30 hours per week during the school year were amended out) — enacted 2 SB 460/HB 917 (2024): Expands hazardous work for 16-17 year-olds on or near roofs in violation of federal hazardous occupation order (roofing provision amended out but bill still expands hazardous work in residential construction) — HB 917 was enacted 4
Georgia Failed 1 HB 501 (2023): Eliminates work permits — did not cross over in 2024 1 HB 501 (2023): Allows 14 year-olds to do hazardous work in landscaping on grounds of factories and other prohibited workplaces — did not cross over in 2024 4
Hawaii
Idaho Failed 1 S 1300 (2024): Repeals hours restrictions for minors under 16 — failed 2 SD 1308 (2022): Lowers the minimum age to serve alcohol from 19 to 17 — failed 3 S 1300 (2024): Repeals prohibition on hazardous work for children under 14 — failed 4 S 1300 (2024): Repeals penalties for child labor violations — failed 6
Illinois Mixed 3 SB 1996 (2023): Illinois Manufacturers’ Association; Chicagoland Chamber of Commerce HB 1258 (2023): Reduces hours per week but removes limit of 8 hours per day for minors under 16 — introduced 2 SB 1996 (2023): As introduced, would expand manufacturing apprenticeships to 16-17 year-olds, however all child labor provisions have been amended out — passed Senate; HB 4285 (2023): Expands permitted work for minors under 16 in otherwise prohibited workplaces — in committee 4
Indiana Enacted* 5 SB 146 (2024): Indiana Restaurant and Lodging Association SB 146 (2024): Increases maximum hours for minors under 16 in violation of federal law (amended out), lowers the age to serve alcohol, establishes employer civil immunity when a minor is injured or killed while employed in a work-based learning program (amended out) — enacted; HB 1093 (2024): Extends hours for minors 14-15 between June 1 and Labor Day and eliminates certain night work restrictions; Eliminates all hours restrictions for minors 16-17 — enacted 2 SB 146 (2024): Lowers the age to serve alcohol from 19 to 18 — passed Senate and House 3 HB 1189 (2022): Allows exempted minors to work on farms during school hours — failed; SB 146 (2024): Establishes employer civil immunity when a minor is injured or killed while employed in a work-based learning program (amended out) — enacted; HB 1093 (2024): Eliminates hazardous work protections for 16-17 year-olds working on farms — enacted 4 HB 1093 (2024): Establishes exemptions to child labor protections for certain FLSA-exempt occupations and expands exemptions for minors who work for their parents — enacted 6
Iowa Enacted* 5 SF 2190 (2022): Iowa Restaurant Association; HF 2198 (2022): Dubuque Area Chamber of Commerce; SF 542 (2023): Americans for Prosperity, Home Builders Association of Iowa, Iowa National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB), Iowa Hotel and Lodging Association, Iowa Restaurant Association, Opportunity Solutions Project (Foundation for Government Accountability); HF 2056 (2024): Americans for Prosperity; SF 2109 (2024): Iowa Grocery Industry Association, Iowa Hotel & Lodging Association, Iowa Restaurant Association SF 542 (2023): Eliminates work permits — enacted 1 SF 542 (2023): Extends work hours — enacted 2 SF 542 (2023): Lowers age for alcohol service in restaurants — enacted 3 SF 1290 (2022): Allows minors to operate power-driven pizza dough rollers in violation of federal law — enacted; SF 542 (2023): Lifts restrictions on hazardous work, limits state agencies’ ability to impose penalties for future employer violations — enacted 4 HF 2198 (2022): Lowers minimum age of child care workers; increases staff-to-child ratios — enacted; HF 2305 (2024): Lowers minimum age in child care settings again — passed House, failed in Senate; SF 2109 (2024): Allows 14 year-olds to drive up to 25 miles to work — enacted 6
Kansas
Kentucky Enacted* 5 HB 255 (2024): Foundation for Government Accountability HB 255 (2024): Eliminates all hours restrictions for 16-17 year-olds — passed House; failed 2 HB 252 (2022): Lowers the age to serve alcohol from 20 to 18 — enacted 3 HB 255 (2024): Allows minors under 16 to do hazardous work prohibited under federal law — passed House; failed 4 SB 128 (2024): Allows nonprofits to hire 12-13 year-olds in “work programs” — enacted 6
Louisiana Enacted 5 SB 109 (2024): Repeals a law that mandates meal breaks for minors after five hours of work — enacted 6
Maine Failed 1 LD 559 (2023): Maine Tourism Association, Maine Chamber of Commerce LD 559 (2023): Extends work hours for some youth during the school year — failed 2 LD 1332 (2023): Establishes a youth subminimum wage — failed 5
Maryland
Massachusetts Pending 4 S 1168 (2023): Establishes a training wage for minors who work fewer than 20 hours per week — in committee 5 H 1852 (2023): Allows 12-13 year-olds to serve as youth soccer referees — in committee 6
Michigan Enacted* 5 HB 4063 (2021): Authorizes a homeschooled minor’s parent or guardian to issue a work permit — passed legislature, vetoed by governor; HB 5564 (2024): Authorizes a homeschooled minor’s parent or guardian to issue a work permit — introduced 1 HB 5696 and HB 5726 (2022): Lowers age to work at liquor stores; HB 4232 (2022): Lowers age to serve alcohol 3
Minnesota Mixed 3 SF 1102 (2023): Extends work hours — introduced 2 SF 3054 (2022): Increases the maximum alcohol by volume of alcoholic beverages served by an establishment employing minors — failed 3 SF 375 (2023): Lifts restrictions on hazardous work — in committee; SF 3176 (2023): Lifts restrictions on hazardous work in long-term care settings — in committee; SF 3240 (2023): Lifts restrictions on hazardous work in construction — in committee 4
Mississippi
Missouri Failed 1 SB 175 (2023) and SB 1057 (2024): Drafted by Foundation for Government Accountability; SB 1795 (2024): Foundation for Government Accountability, Missouri Retailers, Missouri Grocers Assn, Missouri Chamber of Commerce SB 175 (2023): Eliminates work permits — failed; SB 1057 / HB 2271 (2024): Eliminates work permits — failed; HB 1795: Eliminates work permits, extends hours for 14-15 year-olds to 6 hours per school day (in violation of federal law) — failed 1
Montana
Nebraska Pending 4 LB 15 (2023): Nebraska Chamber of Commerce and Industry; Nebraska Grocery Industry Association  LB 15 (2023): Establishes youth subminimum wage — in committee 5
Nevada
New Hampshire Enacted* 5 SB 345 (2022): New Hampshire Lodging and Restaurant Association, New Hampshire Liquor Commission SB 345 (2022): Extends work hours; HB 1519 (2023): Extends work hours for minors when school is in session — in committee 2 SB 345 (2022): Lowers age to bus tables where alcohol is served — enacted 3 HB 57 (2023): Establishes a subminimum wage of $8 for minors for the first 6 months of employment — failed 5
New Jersey Enacted* 5 A 4222 (2022): New Jersey Chamber of Commerce, New Jersey Business and Industry Association A 4222 (2022): Extends work hours and increases time before break — enacted; S 1282/A 2474 (2022): Extends hours for 14-15 YOs to 11 pm between Memorial Day and October 1 — failed; S 494 (2024): Extends hours for 14-15 YOs to 11 pm between Memorial Day and October 1 — in committee 2
New Mexico Enacted 5 HB 255 (2021): Lowers the minimum age for alcohol service from 19 to 18 — enacted 3
New York Pending 4 A 1798 (2023): Allows 14-15 YOs in religious communities to do otherwise prohibited hazardous work under supervision by someone age 18 or older — in committee 4 S 1747 (2023): Allows 12-13 YOs to serve as youth sports referees without a work permit — passed Senate 6
North Carolina Enacted 5 HB 661 (2021): Lowers the minimum age beer and wine wholesalers from 21 to 18 — enacted 3
North Dakota
Ohio Enacted* 5 SB 30 (2023): Americans for Prosperity, Pickerington Area Chamber of Commerce, Ohio NFIB, Ohio Restaurant Association SB 30 (2023): Extends work hours — passed Senate 2 SB 102 (2021): Lowers the minimum age for alcohol service from 19 to 18 — enacted 3
Oklahoma Enacted* 5 SB 1572 (2024): Weakens student electrical “apprentice” program standards by removing requirement that program be recognized by the relevant state agency — enacted 4 HB 3191 (2024): Allows 13.5 year-olds employed on farms to drive without a license — passed House 6
Oregon
Pennsylvania Introduced 2 HB 1392 (2023): Lowers age for employment in liquor imports/distribution from 18 to 16 — introduced; HB 2051 (2024): Allows 15 year-old justice-involved youth to work around alcohol at nonprofits in a “restaurant-based mentorship program” — introduced 3 HB 460 (2023): Lowers age for junior driver’s license to 15 so that young people can get to work — introduced 6
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota Failed 1 HB 1180 (2023): Extends work hours — failed 2
Tennessee Enacted 5 HB 1212 (2023): Allows 16-and 17-year-olds to work in establishments where over 25% of revenue comes from alcohol sales — enacted 3
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia Failed 1 HB 1669 (2023): Establishes a subminimum wage for minors — failed 5
Washington
West Virginia Enacted* 5 HB 5159/SB 559 (2024): Eliminates work permit requirement for 14-15 YOs — Passed House; failed in Senate 1 HB 2025 (2021): Lowers the minimum age for alcohol service from 18 to 16 — enacted 3 HB 5162 (2024): Expands hazardous work for 16-17 year-olds through youth apprenticeship program — enacted 4
Wisconsin Failed 1 SB 436 (2023): Foundation for Government Accountability, Wisconsin NFIB, Wisconsin Independent Businesses, Inc. AB 286 (2023): Tavern League of Wisconsin; SB 332 (2022): Wisconsin Grocers Association; Wisconsin Independent Businesses, Inc.; Wisconsin NFIB; Association of Wisconsin Tourism Attractions; Wisconsin Hotel and Lodging Association SB 436 (2023): Eliminates work permits for minors under 16 — vetoed by the governor 1 SB 332 (2022): Extends work hours — vetoed by the governor 2 AB 286 (2023): Allows 14 year-olds to serve alcohol — failed 3
Wyoming

 

Note: "Enacted*" indicates that a state has enacted a bill, but other bills in that state have failed or are pending legislative action. "Mixed" indicates that a state has multiple bills at different stages of the legislative process, but none have been enacted. Map last updated May 30, 2024.

Source: EPI analysis of state legislative activity and news related to child labor legislation.

View the underlying data on epi.org.