LTSS direct care worker pay increases from a $15 minimum wage would be concentrated at the bottom of the wage distribution: Wage distribution of LTSS direct care workers in 2025, with and without the Raise the Wage Act (RTWA)

Percentile Wage in 2025 with RTWA Wage in 2025 without RTWA
10th $15.00 $11.10
20th $15.00 $12.60
30th $15.00 $13.77
40th $15.31 $14.84
50th $15.96 $15.70
60th $16.43 $16.35
70th $16.85 $16.79
80th $18.35 $18.35
90th $21.44 $21.44

Notes: Long-term services and supports (LTSS) are health and social services provided to individuals who need assistance with daily living activities such as bathing, dressing, toilet care, shopping, preparing meals, housekeeping, and managing medications. All estimates are in 2021 dollars.

Sources: Economic Policy Institute Minimum Wage Simulation Model; see Technical Methodology by Cooper, Mokhiber, and Zipperer (2019).

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