Black and Hispanic LTSS direct care workers would see larger-than-average annual pay gains from a $15 minimum wage: Pay increases for LTSS direct care workers affected by the Raise the Wage Act in 2025, by race/ethnicity and gender

Group Average hourly increase Average annual increase for year-round workers
Overall $1.83 $3,200
Women $1.85 $3,300
Men $1.72 $3,000
White $1.67 $2,900
Black $1.92 $3,500
Hispanic $2.24 $3,700
AAPI $1.39 $2,300

Notes: Long-term services and supports (LTSS) are health and social services provided to individuals who need assistance with daily living activities such as bathing, dressing, toilet care, shopping, preparing meals, housekeeping, and managing medications. AAPI stands for Asian American/Pacific Islander. Year-round workers work 52 weeks per year. All estimates are in 2021 dollars.

Source: Economic Policy Institute Minimum Wage Simulation Model; see Technical Methodology by Cooper, Mokhiber, and Zipperer (2019).

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