Half of LTSS direct care workers who would get a raise from a $15 minimum wage are Black, Hispanic, or AAPI: Numbers and shares of LTSS direct care workers affected by the Raise the Wage Act in 2025, by race/ethnicity and gender

Group Total LTSS direct care workforce (thousands) Number affected (thousands) Share of group affected Share of affected who are in each group
Overall 3,711 1,852 49.9% 100.0%
Women 3,279 1,679 51.2% 90.7%
Men 431 174 40.5% 9.4%
White 1,428 860 60.2% 46.4%
Black 1,145 590 51.5% 31.9%
Hispanic 747 296 39.7% 16.0%
AAPI 263 40 15.4% 2.2%

Notes: Long-term services and supports (LTSS) are health and social services provided to individuals who need assistance with daily living activities such as bathing, dressing, toilet care, shopping, preparing meals, housekeeping, and managing medications. AAPI stands for Asian American/Pacific Islander.

Sources: Campbell et al. 2021 and Economic Policy Institute Minimum Wage Simulation Model; see Technical Methodology by Cooper, Mokhiber, and Zipperer (2019).

View the underlying data on epi.org.