Shares of white and black workers earning the minimum wage or less, and less than half the median wage, 2012

<= Minimum wage <1/2 Median wage
White 4.0% 8.7%
Black 5.4% 13.3%

Note: Median wage data come from a sample restricted to workers with wages greater than zero, age 16–64, who are not self-employed.

Source: Median wage data come from Current Population Survey Outgoing Rotation Group microdata; minimum-wage data come from authors’ analysis of Fair Labor Standards Act and amendments

View the underlying data on